......our answer to all your banking needs

Follow AllBankingSolutions


    Follow allbanking on Twitter

  • Ads by Google

  • Ads by Google

Best Viewed in 1024 X 768 Screen Resolution





1 What is PAN


Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a ten-digit alphanumeric number allotted by Income Tax Department. Normally it is, issued in the form of a laminated card, by the IT Department.


2 Is it necessary to obtain PAN


 It is mandatory w.e.f.1 January 2005 to quote PAN on challans for any payments due to Income Tax Department.  Moreover, now it is mandatory to quote PAN on return of income, all correspondence with any income tax authority.


3 For which type of transactions it it necessary to quote PAN


In all documents pertaining to financial transactions notified from time-to-time by the Central Board of Direct is necessary to quote PAN.  Some of the transactions where it is compulsory to quote PAN are as follows-

  • Sale and purchase of immovable property or motor vehicle;

  • Payments in cash, of amounts exceeding Rs. 25,000/-to hotels and restaurants;

  • In connection with travel to any foreign country.

  • For obtaining a telephone or cellular telephone connection.

  • For making a time deposit exceeding Rs. 50,000/- with a Bank Post Office;

  • depositing cash of Rs. 50,000/- or more in a Bank.


4 Who must have PAN


(a) All existing assesses or taxpayers or persons who are required to furnish a return of income, even on behalf of others, must obtain PAN.

(b) Any person, who intends to enter into financial transaction where quoting PAN is mandatory, must also obtain PAN.

(c) The Assessing Officer may allot PAN to any person either on his own or on a specific request from such person.


5. How to apply for PAN?  

PAN application has to be made on Form 49A.  It can be downloaded from website.  Income Tax department has authorized UTI Investor Services Ltd (UTIISL) to set up and manage IT PAN Service Centers in all cities or towns where there is an Income Tax office and National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) to dispense PAN services from TIN Facilitation Centers. For convenience of PAN applicants in big cities, UTIISL has set up more than one IT PAN Service Center and likewise there are more than one TIN Facilitation Centers.

To obtain PAN fast, one can also make application for fresh allotment of PAN  through Internet  pay througha 'nominated' credit card. In such cases  the PAN is allotted on priority and communicated through email.


6 What are the documents to be submitted alongwith the Form 49A (application for PAN)


a. Individual applicants will have to affix one recent, coloured photograph (Stamp Size: 3.5 cms x 2.5 cms) on Form 49A;  (A photograph is compulsory only in case of 'Individual' applicants')

b. Any one document listed in Rule 114 must be supplied as proof of 'Identity' and 'Address'; and

c. Designation and code of the concerned Assessing Officer of Income Tax department will have to be mentioned in Form 49A.


7 What type of documents are accepted as proof of address?


For Individuals: Following are some of the documents that are accepted as proof of address: (a) copy of electricity bill;  or (b) telephone bill or (c) depository account or  (d) credit card or  (e) bank account or (f) ration card or (g) employer certificate or (h) passport or (i) voter identity card or (j) property tax assessment order or (k) driving license or (l) rent receipt or (m) certificate of address signed by a MP/ MLA/Municipal Councilor / a Gazetted Officer;

In case the PAN applicant is a minor, any of above documents of any of the parents or guardian of such minor shall serve as proof of Address;

For HUF: In case PAN application is made on behalf of a HUF, any of above documents in respect of Karta of the HUF will serve as proof of Address.

For Others e.g. Partnerships / Companies etc.: Copy of Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Companies or Copy of Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Firms or Copy of Partnership Deed or Copy of Trust deed or Copy of Certificate of Registration Number issued by Charity Commissioner or Copy of Agreement or Copy of Certificate of Registration Number issued by Charity Commissioner or Registrar of Co-operative Society or any other Competent Authority or any other document originating from any Central or State Government Department establishing Identity and Address of such person.




Analysis of PAN Digits :

We have mentioned above that PAN is a 10 digit alpha numeric number.  Now let us give a brief analysis of these digits.  Like other code numbers allotted, PAN's digit too present certain characteristics.  Remember that

(a) First 5 characters are letters,

(b) Next 4 characters are numbers

(c) Last one character is  a letter again.

The above 10 characters can also be divided in to five parts for the purpose of analysis.   The meaning of each number is :

1. First three characters are alphabetic series running from AAA to ZZZ
2. Fourth character of PAN represents the status of the PAN holder.
• C — Company
• P — Person
• H — HUF (Hindu Undivided Family)
• F — Firm
• A — Association of Persons (AOP)
• T — AOP (Trust)
• B — Body of Individuals (BOI)
• L — Local Authority
• J — Artificial Juridical Person
• G — Government

3. Fifth character represents first character of the PAN holder’s last name/surname.
4. Next four characters are sequential number running from 0001 to 9999.
5. Last character in the PAN is an alphabetic check digit.