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Highlights Of Union Budget 2012 -13 / Union Budget 2012 At a Glance


Rajesh Goyal,



[ Download PDF file for Highlights of Union Budget 2012 ]



(1) Five Objectives of Budget for fiscal year 2012-13 :

(a) Focus on domestic demand driven growth recovery;

(b) Create conditions for rapid revival of high growth in private investment; 

(c) Address supply bottlenecks in agriculture, energy and transport sectors, particularly in coal, power, national highways, railways and civil aviation; 

(d) Intervene decisively to address the problem of malnutrition especially in the 200 high-burden districts; and 

(e)  Expedite coordinated implementation of decisions being taken to improve delivery systems, governance, and transparency; and address the problem of black money and corruption in public life.




        Fiscal deficit  is 5.9 percent of GDP in 2011-12

        Fiscal deficit estimated to be 5.1 percent of GDP in 2012-13





        Net market borrowing to be Rs. 4.79 lac crores  in 2012-13




        Total expenditure in 2012-13 seen at 14.90 lac crores rupees, (increase of 29%)

         Plan expenditure budgeted at  Rs.5,21,025 crores in 2012-13, (increase of 18%)




         Subsidies to be kept under 2 percent of GDP in 2012-13;

          Major subsidies bill estimated at  Rs. 1.8 lac crores in 2012-13

          Food subsidy bill in 2012-13 seen at  Rs. 75000 crores

          Fertilizer subsidy bill in 2012-13 seen at 609.7 billion rupees

          Petroleum subsidy bill in 2012-13 seen at 435.8 billion rupees

          Revised petroleum subsidy bill for 2011-12 at 684.8 billion rupees


(6) Capitalisation of PS Banks

          To inject  Rs. 15888 crores rupees to capitalize state-run banks in 2012-13



         Gross tax receipts seen at  Rs.10.8 lac crores in 2012-13

          Non-tax revenue seen at Rs. 1.64 lac crores  in 2012-13

         No change in corporate tax rates

         Income tax exemption limit raised to Rs 2 lakh to provide relief of Rs 2,000 for all assesses; 20% tax on income  between 5 lacs and 10 lacs.

         Deduction of upto Rs 10,000 for interest earned on saving bank accounts;

         Service tax rate raised from 10% to 12% to bring Rs18,660 crores;

         Concept of negative list introduced for service tax.  Proposed to levey tax on all services except 17 items in the negative list

          Proposed to provide full exemption on import duty of thermal coal for power plants

          Proposed to double basic customs duty on gold

         Proposed to introduce a new scheme called Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme. The scheme would allow for income tax deduction of 50 per cent to new retail investors, who invest up to Rs 50,000 directly in equities and whose annual income is below Rs 10 lakh. The scheme will have a lock-in period of 3 years.



         Expect headline inflation to moderate in next few months and remain stable thereafter

         Economy expected to grow at 7.6 percent in 2012-13

         Economy expected to grow at 6.9 percent in 2011-12

         Signs of economy turning around in March quarter




         Allow external commercial borrowing of up to $1 bln to raise working capital for airlines industry for 1 year

         To allow qualified foreign investors in Indian corporate debt markets

          To allow external commercial borrowing to part finance rupee debt in power projects

          Proposes to remove sector-specific restriction on venture capital fund investments

          Hope to achieve "broad-based consensus" to open multi-sector to foreign investors




         Allocates  Rs 1.93 lac crores for defence in 2012-13 (increase of 18%)




         To award contracts to build 8,800 km of roads in 2012-13

         Government doubles allocation for tax-free bonds to 60000 crores rupees for financing infrastructure projects in 2012-13





         Disinvestment target in 2012-13 of  Rs. 30000 crores





         Expects country to become self-sufficient in urea production in five years

          Proposes to raise agricultural credit target in 2012-13 to Rs, 5.75  lac crores rupees



         Current account deficit seen at 3.6 percent of GDP in 2011-12

          Expect smaller current account deficit in 201213



(15) Miscellaneous :



Union Budget 2012 : Download Full Text of the Speech by Pranab Mukherjee, Finance Minister (important provisions have been marked  for students appearing in exams like bank internal promotion tests / interviews, civil service exam, Bank Probationary officers exam etc.) (uploaded on 16/03/2012)

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